Download Agricultural Development Policy: Concepts and Experiences by Roger D. Norton PDF

By Roger D. Norton

Ready less than the aegis of the meals and Agriculture association of the United countries (FAO), this article provides a clean and entire examine agricultural improvement coverage. It offers a transparent, systematic evaluation of vital periods of coverage concerns in constructing international locations and discusses the rising overseas consensus on practicable techniques to the problems.

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Agricultural Development Policy: Concepts and Experiences

Ready less than the aegis of the nutrients and Agriculture association of the United countries (FAO), this article provides a clean and finished examine agricultural improvement coverage. It presents a transparent, systematic assessment of significant periods of coverage matters in constructing nations and discusses the rising overseas consensus on practicable methods to the problems.

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8 Gale Johnson has provided a clear definition of six traditional areas in which government action is needed. One of them is correcting market failures, but he is cautious in his prescriptions for entry into this area, emphasizing mainly the provision of education. His remarks, excerpted, are as follows: investment in human capital through universal access to primary and secondary education contributes to economic growth, while at the same time limiting or preventing increases in inequality as economic growth occurs.

Conviction is required on the part of those who are promoting reforms, for in most cases they will face many obstacles along the road to implementation. Consensus is required among government agencies and above all with the private sector and local decision making entities, for without their active support it is difficult to implement policy reforms fully. They also must be coordinated with international agencies that are supporting the development effort. In addition, co-ordination is required among the reforms themselves and among the implementation efforts, to ensure consistency all along the way and to maintain the pace of reforms on schedule.

Therefore, agriculture can make its most effective contribution to nutrition and other basic material needs by generating more real income for OBJECTIVES OF AGRICULTURAL POLICY 23 rural households. This contribution, in turn, depends on three factors, namely production, real farmgate prices,4 and non-farm employment in rural areas. Real prices are almost always beyond the control of farmers themselves but can be influenced by policies. Production is a function of the land area cultivated (including that in pastures) and productivity, or unit yields.

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