By Attracta Ingram
Rights are simple construction blocks of the modern nation, but their rigorous justification is hard. This ebook offers an intensive research of this significant subject, and demanding situations the orthodox view that rights are one of those estate declare in one's physique. Drawing at the culture of the social agreement in addition to the wealth of modern paintings in political thought, Ingram conceives of rights as one of those political declare, and exhibits how they are often justified in a manner rather fitted to the pluralistic nature of up to date liberal society.
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Extra resources for A Political Theory of Rights
Must Self-Ownership Be Libertarian? One reason for thinking of people as libertarian self-owners is that nothing less than this may seem adequate to the identiﬁcation of the injustices of slavery, serfdom, exploitation, and political absolutism. 67 The slave-owner 65 Robert Filmer, Patriarcha, 11–12, 16, 38–9. 66 See Nozick, Anarchy, State, and Utopia, 169–70. 67 Steiner explains the liberal theory of exploitation as a consequence of the use of exclusionary force against a third party named Blue (a violation of rights) to stop her from entering a market for some good of White's which then goes to Red for a lower price than it would have fetched had Blue been bidding.
Thus the equal right to liberty founds equal share-holding in natural resources. 5. With common ownership as the initial status quo there are two lines of derivation for individual appropriative titles corresponding to the two foundational rights noted earlier. The ﬁrst is through the requirements of survival needs. The second is through the construction of the right to liberty as a right to take what one wants provided one does not worsen the position of anyone else. Both derivations have the same basic structure: they are historical entitlement theories.
This is impossible without access to the material means of human life, for all vital human activities presuppose material supports—food, water, air, and a location for one's own body. And the exercise of bodily powers almost always requires an implement and material to act upon. So the principle of self-ownership is of little use until it is joined with a principle of rights over material resources. As things stand most of the world's available natural resources are in collective or individual private ownership.