Download A New Ecophysiological Approach to Forest-Water by I. Gindel PDF

By I. Gindel

A scarcity of water exists, not just within the arid areas of the area, yet even in a few reasonably humid climates. this case is a end result of water require­ ments for agriculture and in quantities more than the common surplus. Even in Europe there's elevated nervousness over the country of water reserves, and shortages are forecast for the close to destiny if maintains to extend. prior to now 50 years within the usa, water use has elevated approximately two times as speedy because the price of inhabitants progress, and shortages have already seemed in a few locations. the necessity to preserve declining water assets which has turn into obvious over the past few a long time has led numerous investigators to finish that crops with a excessive cost of transpiration endanger water assets, and the expansion of such vegetation mustn't ever be inspired. a few imagine that timber withdraw extra water from the soil than different plant species and evaporate it excessively in the course of the stomata of leaves. THORNTHWAITE and HARE (1955) defined transpiration at the related thermo­ dynamic foundation as evaporation, and calculated its expense, utilizing DALTON'S legislation or variations thereof. In spite ofthe many earlier and current investigations into the issues of transpiration, the organic elements of this crucial technique remains to be poorly understood.

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Additional info for A New Ecophysiological Approach to Forest-Water Relationships in Arid Climates

Sample text

In 1964/65, an exceptionally rainy year, (310 mm) the maximum percentage was at a depth of 240-270 cm (Fig. 21). In order to compare the absorption and depletion of soil moisture in artificial and natural forests, simultaneous studies of adjacent bare areas of similar topography and soil structure were carried out. These artificial and natural forests grow in dry rocky soil in the hills, or on sterile deep soils in the desert and semidesert, where the root system is far from underground water. In the hills a soil 33 layer of only 15-20 cm covers the bed rock.

And in open area (Gevulot) HCo a Na Ca Mg Species Eue. eamaldulensis Pinus halepensis Tamarix aphylla a. b. a. b. a. b. a. h. 66 The soil moisture regimen and the role of atmospheric moisture in woody xerophytes presented in the former paragraph awakened the following problems analyzed in the next paragraphs: 1. What is the pattern of the consumption of the two water resources, rainwater and atmospheric moisture, which the woody xerophytes exist from? 2. What is the pattern of the transpiration process, particularly during the critical months when a status quo in the quantity of soil moisture has been reached?

6"'30 " '\. "0 E ~ 20 ~ I UJ " '<\ '\. E '\. "- 10 "- ""- '0- --0 O~----------------~~~--------~~--~ -10~--~------~------~------~------~ IV VI VII MONTHS (1963) V VIII Fig. 23. Seasonal trends in daily evapotranspiration (E-T) under the canopy of Aleppo pine (1,2), and in the treeless area (3). Efraim Hills (I, 3) and Judean Hills (2). Table VII. Soil Moisture in Exposed Dunes at Revivim in 1961 and 1963 21/10/61 46 13/10/63 mm Depth of layer % mm % Q-. 30 3Q-. 60 6Q-. D. 6 6 5 4 3 2 Sample plot No.

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