By Richard W. Kroon
Because the invention of the stereoscope in 1830, stereoscopic 3D has remained at the innovative of the media and leisure undefined. each 20 to 30 years, a brand new iteration rediscovers stereo filmmaking, fueling its resurgence with extra twists brought by way of the technological developments of the intervening years. This encyclopedic dictionary deals a definitive compilation of data at the artwork and technology of stereoscopic 3D, together with nonetheless and relocating photos; movie and electronic snapshot acquisition; construction, post-production, distribution, and exhibition; and human visible notion. as well as usual dictionary definitions, it comprises many prolonged encyclopedic entries and approximately three hundred black-and-white and colour illustrations. Taking the secret out of 3D's distinctive language, the paintings offers a foundation for transparent communique between pros and ancient context for these new to the self-discipline.
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Additional resources for 3D A-to-Z. An Encyclopedic Dictionary
Color ringing A digital compression artifact affecting the edges between areas of contrasting color, causing a loss of color ﬁdelity along the borders. Compare depth ringing; Gibbs phenomenon. color rivalry; color mismatch When the colors of conjugate points in a stereogram are contrary to what the brain expects given their parallax difference or other available depth cues, leading to contradictory depth information in the fused image. Color is often described as being made up of hue (the color’s shade), saturation (the purity of the hue), and value (its relative brightness).
Asymmetrical codec: Takes longer on the compression end, but is faster during decompression. Since a source ﬁle is generally compressed once but decompressed and viewed many times, this is an acceptable tradeoff. Video compression can be performed either within a single frame at a time (intra-frame) or across multiple frames over time (inter-frame). Since raw video contains a great deal of data that must be processed, most of which are not necessary for the reproduction of an acceptable image, most video compression algorithms are lossy and, with the exception of those used for live transmissions, asymmetrical.
When these planar waves combine, they create a 3D wave that follows a helix, or corkscrew, path through space over time. When measured in a speciﬁc plane orthogonal (at a right angle) to the light ray, the tip of the wave’s electric ﬁeld vector travels in a clockwise or counterclockwise circle, depending on the handedness of the CP wave. NOTE: In optics (and therefore most stereoscopic applications), the direction of CP spin is measured from the perspective of the viewer (right-handed for clockwise, left-handed for counterclockwise), while in electrical engineering, it is measured from the perspective of the source.